Anatolia is the homeland of hazelnuts known about 5 thousand years. BC Came to the shores of Pontus Pontus for 400 Walnut was named. Was taken by the Arabs in Sicily and Spain. Climatic conditions peculiar to grow in northern latitudes on Earth, 360-410, nuts, up to 30 km inland from the coast where the product is not, and 750-1000 meters.
67% of the world hazelnut production and 75 years are the Black Sea coast of Turkey. Italy, Spain and other countries where American hazelnut is grown. More inclined to land in the Black Sea region of Turkey's most rainfall.
The Black Sea region is an important part of the structure of the soil and climatic conditions for agriculture does not allow anything other than nuts. Nuts, erosion, destruction of fertile lands in the region is in danger of blocking provides a positive contribution to the environment. In addition, factories in the region, which cause deterioration of the natural environment give rise to the physical and chemical wastes.
Land and are usually small family business in the form of hazelnut cultivation. Turkey, approximately 600 thousand hectares to 400 thousand farmers engaged in the production of nuts is known. Nuts as many as 8 million people in the regions directly or indirectly concern.